What a crazy short week… We connected on Wednesday after the pre-Thanksgiving roll out of the new, stricter ozone rule, the SCOTUS mercury issue and the RFS delay. All of this while, I was in Cali doing some work, hitting the In ‘n Out Burger daily and then umpiring a USA Field Hockey national tournament on Thanksgiving, Friday and Saturday. And while I was refereeing, I left my wife alone at the Palm Springs outlet extravaganza on Black Friday, which will certainly be a costly mistake. She survived and now I am afraid to open the credit card bills for next month.
This week will be equally crazy I suspect as Congress plows towards the end of the year in its lame duck session with the tax issues and CRominbus remaining and immigration, Ferguson and ISIS clouding the field. As well, today is the final day for comments on the EPA GHG rules. Scott and Jeff are available to discuss. Our comments include a major collaboration of many different utility views on reliability and cost impacts. A summary link is here/below and I can send a pdf if cannot see it online. NRECA (Rural Coops), NRDC and several others also hold calls to talk about the rule.
Action on Capitol Hill rolls all five days this week with several hearings, while the Louisiana run off between Sen. Mary Landrieu and Rep. Cassidy votes on Saturday. The Hill action includes NRC nomination of Jan Baran, Senate Enviro panel hearings on wastewater treatment and super pollutants and a post-Fukushima hearing with all five NRC commissioners testifying.
Around DC, SAFE will host a Capitol Hill luncheon tomorrow on how oil prices impacted this round of discussions with Iran, featuring John Hannah, Robert McNally of the Rapidan Group and SAFE’s Sam Ori. Then Thursday, our friends at the Conservation Leadership Council will hold a forum at 8:30 a.m. at the Reserve Officers Association looking at the policy outlook for the 114th Congress and how we can leverage America’s diverse energy resources. Speakers include Sen. Kelly Ayotte, Rep. Chris Gibson, former CEQ Chair Jim Connaughton and former DOE official Andy Karsner. Finally, on Friday, Lord Stanley’s Cup is in the House at the National Press Club where NHL Commissioner Gary Bettman and Cap Owner Ted Leonsis discuss the upcoming Winter Classic. I will be on the host committee. (BTW, I have an extra ticket to tomorrow’s Caps Game if anyone is interested.)
UN negotiators head for Lima to start talks on climate change issues today, but we expect most of the action will occur next week… or next year in Paris, really. We all expect lots of lofty talk, especially in light of the recent US-China discussions/”agreements”.
Keep your eyes wide-open over the next week or so for the new DOE Furnace rule which is expected soon and the coal ash rule which will likely arrive by mid-December. On the furnace rule, DOE’s approach has sparked some controversy as some feel the rule may create disincentives to make energy efficiency upgrades. My colleague Salo Zelermyer (202-828-1718), a former DOE Senior Counsel and energy efficiency technology expert can provide valuable insights.
With EPA scheduled to finalize its coal ash rule by mid-December, today’s E&E TV OnPoint sits down with Harry Lamberton, vice president of energy and environmental services at Waste Management, to provide an overview, discuss his expectations for the final rule and look at the subsequent business opportunities that exist for the waste management sector.
Finally, I mentioned this on Wednesday, but in case you missed it, we lost a great friend last week when Mike Shanahan passed away suddenly. Shanahan covered national politics for the Associated Press, McClatchy newspapers and Newhouse News Service, worked for API as media expert and recently taught full-time at George Washington University. He was loved by all as a devoted family man, brilliant writer, effective communicator, wonderful advisor to budding journalists and an overall great person. GW will hold a celebration of the life of Mike Shanahan on Saturday at GW’s Elliott School at 11:00 a.m.
Call with questions.
IN THE NEWS
ERCC: GHG Rule Risks Reliability, Imposes High Costs – ERCC comments on the proposed Environmental Protection Agency rule to limit carbon emissions from existing power plants, known as the Clean Power Plan have been submitted here. The 11-page document focuses on legal flaws with the rule, as well as significant threats to electric reliability, public health and the economy. ERCC also takes a hard look at EPA’s benefits analysis.
Letter Raises Reliability Concerns – These themes were sounded the week prior from a group of energy-focused lawmakers in a letter to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) over their concerns that EPA’s GHG rule will negatively impact electricity reliability. The letter expressed concern that EPA did not adequately consult FERC while preparing the proposed rule. The lawmakers cited a recent report from NERC that identified potential grid impacts from states’ efforts to lower their greenhouse gas emission rates. The lawmakers also requested that FERC provide a record of communication with EPA over the past 18 months regarding the Clean Power Plan and “that FERC convene a technical conference to hear formally from DOE . . . and other relevant stakeholders so that FERC may examine the significant concerns, as identified by NERC’s report, that EPA’s Clean Power Plan presents for grid reliability.” Signers included Sen. Lisa Murkowski (R-AK), incoming chairwoman of the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee; Rep. Fred Upton (R-MI), chairman of the House Energy and Commerce Committee; and Rep. Ed Whitfield (R-KY), chairman of Energy and Commerce’s Energy and Power Subcommittee.
Ozone Rule Adds Potential Problems – Despite it being Thanksgiving Week, EPA announced it was rolling out new, stricter ozone standards in a “day-before-Thanksgiving” special. My colleague Scott Segal made the five key Points wing brief “for-the-record” observations regarding the release of the proposed new national ambient air quality standard (NAAQS) for ozone:
- The low end of the range in the proposed rule (65ppb) is still very troubling – as low as background levels of ozone in many parts of the country and pushing as much as 94% of the nation out of attainment. The Agency is taking comment on 60ppb, which would be devastating for manufacturing, oil and gas production, and agriculture across the country. This is part of a typical strategy: propose an unreasonable standard; take comment on a more unreasonable one; and claim the government is reasonable by comparison!
- The Administration only has so much political capital at its disposal. It has made clear that controlling greenhouse gases is its legacy issue. It is unclear that the Administration has the bandwidth to sustain both rules. There is no doubt that many in Congress and the states will demand that the proposed ozone NAAQS be placed on a more realistic course.
- Oil and gas production has been one of the only bright spots in the jobless recovery, and the range proposed for ozone may impose real, practical limitations on that production. The expense associated with the rule could reverse what economic gains we have seen recently.
- EPA admits that the proposed ozone rule is one of the costliest rules it has ever devised. There is no economic analysis that shows what the total cost for the economy will be if the Administration gets its way on both carbon and ozone. EPA owes the public and it’s elected representatives at all levels at least that.
- EPA’s description of the benefits of the proposed ozone standard are sketchy at best. EPA has to admit that there is little real benefit to actual ozone reductions at the levels proposed. Instead they rely on so-called co-benefits from reducing particulate matter, or PM. Of course, EPA already has programs in place directly targeted at PM which the Agency claims are effective at reducing that pollutant to a level fully protective of human health. In other words, EPA is again double counting benefits to plus up the case for a controversial proposal. And even at that, the rule may still spend as much as $17 million for each hypothetical life saved, a number completely out of whack with other public health expenditures. Just by way of comparison, a life-saving pneumonia vaccine is $5 per dose.
EPA Hits RFS Foul Ball – In case you missed it Friday trying to get an earlier escape for Thanksgiving, EPA said it will not finalize its 2014 Renewable Fuel Standard proposal this year and will set final targets next year, potentially with 2015 requirements. Again my colleague Scott Segal: “After 25 years working on fuels issues for the refining industry, I do not see the perpetual failure of EPA to meet deadlines in establishing the renewable volume obligation to be in any sectors best interest. EPA claims in its notice this morning that “controversy” surrounding the establishment of the RVO is in partly responsible for the delay. To me, that seems to mean political considerations. But I believe that this latest failure might point the way to actual, sensible reforms in the renewable fuel standard. The long range health of bio-fuels – particularly innovative, next-generation fuels – lies with putting the RFS on a sustainable, defendable course through reform.” Valero spokesman Bill Day (210-345-2928) said “EPA’s announcement underscores the need for comprehensive legislative reform of the RFS. The bottom line is that EPA has not closed the books on 2013, has no final 2014 RFS, and has no date for a final 2015 RFS.”
Additional Energy Resources on Hot Topics – Great resources on all of these topics – RFS, Ozone, NatGas, Exports – are energy analysts like Jim Lucier: 202-548-0072; firstname.lastname@example.org and Kevin Book: 202-506-5744; book@CVEnergy.com . Both have research pieces out on all of these topics and more. Now you know how you can reach them. Christine Tezak (utilities) and Paul Sankey (oil/gas) are also great.
Crude-by-Rail Rules Likely on Hold Until 2015 – While no announcement has been made, the Obama administration seems out of time to finalize new safety measures for crude-by-rail this year. New structural standards for rail tank cars and operational standards for railroads seem likely to go final in 1H2015. Our view has not changed that the rules themselves will remain substantially unchanged from what was unveiled in July. The administration seems to be taking a cautious approach on crude-by-rail. The shale boom has been a major economic driver, to the point that the railroads are under pressure to expand network service. Heavy-handed regulations either on speed restrictions or on oil deliveries could have a major negative impact. Oil & gas and ethanol companies are at the greatest risk from the new crude-by-rail rules, as they are set to bear most of the costs to new tank cars. Railroads are under pressure to improve their infrastructure, but avoid major incremental costs under the current proposal.
ON THE SCHEDULE THIS WEEK
UN Climate Meeting Set for Lima, Peru – The UN will hold its annual climate meeting in Lima, Peru starting today. The 20th session of the Conference of the Parties and the 10th session of the Conference of the Parties serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol will run through December 12th.
Smart Grid Summit Set – Tomorrow and Wednesday in the Ronald Reagan Building, the National Summit on Smart Grid and Climate Change will be held. The event brings together policymakers, utilities, technology companies, and a wide variety of environmental and energy stakeholders to address the role of smart grid technologies and practices in mitigating and adapting to climate change. The Summit will aim to “connect the dots” between smart grid and climate change, and establish an understanding that smart grid can be an essential part of any climate action planning, whether in response to government emission restrictions (e.g. EPA’s Regulations under 111(d) of the Clean Air Act), or in preparation for various climate change events and scenarios (e.g. severe weather events like Superstorm Sandy). The Summit will feature Roundtable Sessions with top business and government leaders, who will discuss these issues with each other and with the audience. It will also include in-depth breakout sessions in two tracks: Smart Grid & Mitigation and Smart Grid & Adaptation.
Senate Enviro Panel to Look at Wastewater, Utility Issues – The Senate Environment panel on water will hold a hearing tomorrow at 9:30 a.m. focused on water utilities of the future. Witnesses will include Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission CEO Jerry Johnson, San Francisco Public Utilities Commission general manager Harlan Kelly Jr., Green Bay Metropolitan Sewerage District executive director Tom Sigmund and Camden County Municipal Utilities Authority executive director and chief engineer Andrew Kricun.
Forum to Look at China Oil, Climate Agreement – The Carnegie Endowment for International Peace will hold a forum tomorrow looking at the climate deal between China and the United States and its oil usage. The new zone of bilateral cooperation comes at a time when China’s petroleum industry, North American oil resources, sanctions on Russian oil, Saudi Arabian oil production, and the global climate are experiencing a significant paradigm shift. With China’s economy slowing after decades of double-digit growth, now is the time to think strategically about how the nation will deal with its physical resource limitations, their associated environmental concerns, and oil’s evolving geopolitical realities. The China Oil Forum will engage key thinkers, policymakers, and civil society in a discussion about these strategic questions.
SAFE Hosts Panel on Oil Market Dynamics, Nuclear Negotiations – Securing America’s Future Energy (SAFE) and the Foundation for Defense of Democracies (FDD) invite you to join a Capitol Hill luncheon to discuss current oil market dynamics and their role in the negotiations to reach a nuclear deal with Iran. The latest round of negotiations between the P5+1 and Iran resulted in a decision to extend negotiations until July 1, 2015. Given today’s low oil prices and glut in global oil supplies, the panel discussion will focus on how current market dynamics contribute to ongoing negotiations with Iran over its nuclear program. Remarks will be delivered by House Foreign Affairs Committee chair Ed Royce. There will also be an expert panel, including will include John Hannah, Mark Dubowitz of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, SAFE’s Sam Ori and Rapidan’s Robert McNally. The panel will be moderated by our friend Steve LeVine, Washington Correspondent for Quartz.
Donohue to Tackle Broken Reg System – Tomorrow at 10:00 a.m., U.S. Chamber of Commerce President and CEO Thomas J. Donohue will deliver an address on the ways in which the nation’s current regulatory climate is impeding economic growth and the urgent need to fix the broken regulatory system. Donohue will also outline bipartisan principles to achieve reform and discuss steps that would help promote jobs, growth, transparency and accountability.
RFF-EPRI Webinar Look at EPA GHG Rule – Resources for the Future (RFF) and the electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) will hold a webinar tomorrow at Noon that will explore the assumptions and methods that have led to the different cost estimates about the EPA’s Clean Power Plan. Experts from EPRI and RFF will highlight several key challenges in calculating overall regulatory costs, providing an intellectual framework for policymakers and the power sector as they consider the impacts on their states and industries. This is the third event in a joint RFF-EPRI series on EPA’s Clean Power Plan: Exploring Opportunities for Collaboration and Compliance. Learn more about the series and future events at www.rff.org/CPPseries. Speakers will include RFF’s Kristen Hayes and Dallas Burtraw and EPRI’s Tom Wilson and David Young.
DOE Webinar to Look at Offshore Wind – Tomorrow at 3:00 p.m., DOE will hold a transmission planning forum focused on Offshore wind. DOE’s Charlton Clark will moderate speakers who will discuss recent planning and interconnection developments related to offshore wind. They will include a National Offshore Wind Energy Grid Interconnection Study presentation from John Daniel of ABB, a Mid-Atlantic Offshore Wind focus from our friend Willett Kempton of the University of Delaware, Great Lakes focus by Kenneth Loparo of Case Western University and Duke Energy’s Bob Burner looking at the Carolinas.
Forum to Focus on World Bank Latin Programs – The Wilson Center’s Latin American Program and Environmental Change and Security Program and the World Bank’s Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) Region will hold a discussion tomorrow at 4:00 p.m. focused on the LAC portion of the World Bank’s new report, Turn Down the Heat: Confronting the New Climate Normal. The report—co-authored by Bank experts and the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research—analyzes the challenges that Latin America and the Caribbean face due to climate change impacts. A Spanish summary will also be available. Speakers will include the World Bank’s Jorge Familiar and several others.
NRC Commissioners to Talk Nuclear at Senate Environment – On Wednesday, the Senate Environment Committee will hold an oversight hearing featuring outgoing NRC Chairwoman Allison Macfarlane and her colleagues — Commissioners William Ostendorff, Kristine Svinicki, Stephen Burns and Baran, who will be voted on the day prior. The hearing will focus on NRC’s safety work following the 2011 earthquake and tsunami that crippled three reactors in Japan, as well as the expected discussions of San Onofre. Those testifying will also include former member of the California Seismic Safety Commission and state Sen. Sam Blakeslee, UC-Santa Cruz expert Daniel Hirsch and NEI’s Tony Pietrangelo.
Energy Panel to Look at Oil, Gas Issues – On Wednesday at 11:30 a.m., OurEnergyPolicy.org will host and expert panel on re-examining US oil and gas policy in the U.S. Capitol Visitor Center – Auditorium. Energy thought leaders will engage in a discussion on how the recent growth in domestic oil and gas production is transforming the U.S. energy sector and challenging the paradigm of energy scarcity that has underpinned federal policy for the last 40 years. The panel will provide insight into LNG exports, converting natural gas into transportation fuel, the state of US infrastructure, climate implications of increased oil and gas production and many other topics. The panel will include former EPA official Joe Cannon of the Fuel Freedom Foundation, Karen Harbert of the Chamber’s Institute for 21st Century Energy, EDF’s Elgie Holstein and former head of the President’s Auto Task Force Steven Rattner. WSJ’s Amy Harder will moderate. Reps. Gene Green and Pete Olson will provide opening remarks
RFF Forum to Look at China Cap, Trade – Resources for the Future will hold its December First Wednesday Seminar at 12:30 p.m. Wednesday focused on cap and trade in China. Seven pilot cap-and-trade programs for carbon currently operate in China as experiments to inform a nationwide program under design at present and slated to start in 2016. At this RFF First Wednesday Seminar, RFF’s Clayton Munnings and Richard Morgenstern will present key findings from a recent RFF discussion paper, which assesses the design of three of the pilot programs, in Guangdong, Shanghai and Shenzhen. RFF’s Zhongmin Wang will then moderate a diverse panel, where experts will provide their thoughts on the pilot cap-and-trade programs and discuss the prospects of nationalizing cap and trade in China.
Senate Finance to Look at NatGas Vehicle Incentives – The Senate Finance Committee’s Energy, Natural Resources and Infrastructure panel will hold a hearing on Wednesday at 2:30 p.m. looking at the benefits of natural gas vehicles to U.S. jobs and the economy. The hearing follows of potential the collapse of a deal last week to pass tax incentives that expired in January 2014, including those for natural gas as a motor fuel and refueling infrastructure. Witnesses will include Daimler Trucks North America’s Robert Carrick, UPS’s Mike Whitlatch, Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority CEO Joseph Calabrese, and several others. Our friends at AGA can also be helpful with Kathryn Clay one of the best experts on the issues.
Republican Enviro Groups to Focus on Energy Future – Citizens for Responsible Energy Solutions, Concord 51 and the Conservation Leadership Council will hold a forum on Thursday at 8:30 a.m. at the Reserve Officers Association on America’s energy future. The event is an opportunity to discuss the policy outlook for the 114th Congress and how we can leverage America’s diverse energy resources and technological innovation to grow the economy and create jobs, while also demonstrating environmental responsibility. Speakers will include Senator Kelly Ayotte, Rep. Chris Gibson, former CEQ Chair Jim Connaughton and former DOE official Andy Karsner.
Forum to Look Carbon Bubble Issues – On Thursday, the Heinrich Böll Foundation North America will host representatives from Carbon Tracker and the Sustainable Finance Lab for a small roundtable discussion about the potential financial risks of the carbon bubble. Speakers will include Rens van Tilburg, Senior Researcher at the Sustainable Finance Lab at Utrecht University in The Netherlands, will present the findings of the report “The Price of Doing Too Little Too Late: The impact of the carbon bubble on the EU financial system,” which looks at the exposure of the 20 largest European banks, 23 large EU pension funds, and the EU insurance sector, to the potential risks of the carbon bubble. The report also analyses the potential impacts of a carbon bubble shock under three scenarios for transitioning to a low carbon economy.
Bettman, Leonsis to Talk Winter Classic at Press Club – National Hockey League Commissioner Gary Bettman and Washington Capitals owner Ted Leonsis will discuss the growth of the NHL and the 2015 Winter Classic at a National Press Club Newsmaker Luncheon on Friday. Bettman has served as NHL Commissioner since 1993. Before coming to the NHL, he served as senior vice president and general counsel to the National Basketball Association. Under his leadership the NHL revenues have grown from $400 million in 1993 to over $3 billion. He also led the NHL’s expansion with the addition of six new teams. Leonsis, whose company Monumental Sports & Entertainment operates the NHL’s Washington Capitals, NBA’s Washington Wizards, WNBA’s Washington Mystics and Washington’s Verizon Center, is the former co-CEO of AOL. He is also chairman of the board of directors of Groupon, a cofounder and partner of Revolution Growth Fund II and created and produced the award-winning film “Nanking.” The Stanley Cup will be In the House, the trophy awarded annually to the winner of the NHL playoffs, will also be at the luncheon.
Heritage Forum to Look at Jones Act Impacts – On Friday at Noon, the Heritage Foundation will hold a discussion focusing on the impact of the Jones Act. Speakers will include American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers President Charlie Drevna, Gary Clyde Hufbauer of the Peterson Institute for International Economics and Heritage’s Brian Slattery.
Hudson Forum to Look at Bipartisan Energy Possibilities – On Friday, at 3:00 p.m., the Hudson Institute will hold a forum on the possibility of bipartisan energy policy. Peter Grossman, Butler University economics professor and author of U.S. Energy Policy and the Pursuit of Failure, contends that bipartisan compromise is possible and has led to policy change in the past. However, that change has almost always been bad for the country. Bipartisanship, Professor Grossman notes, has given us ill-conceived and wasteful programs for synthetic fuels, breeder reactors, “super cars,” windmills, and ethanol. Professor Grossman believes that the problem runs much deeper than the current president or balance of parties in Congress. He argues U.S. energy policy has been premised on false concepts of markets, government, technology, and history for the past forty years. Hudson Institute will host a debate on the feasibility of bipartisan energy policy in the 114th Congress and the likely paths forward. Hudson Institute Visiting Fellow Lee Lane will moderate a panel with Professor Grossman featuring Hudson Institute Distinguished Fellow and Chamber energy expert Christopher DeMuth and NERA Economic Consulting Senior Vice President W. David Montgomery.
ACEEE to Hold Behavior, Climate Conference – On Sunday through Wednesday, December 7-10th at the Grand Hyatt – Washington, DC, ACEEE will host the 8th annual Behavior, Energy and Climate Change conference (BECC) which will focus on understanding individual and organizational behavior and decision-making related to energy usage, greenhouse gas emissions, climate change, and sustainability. BECC 2014 will build on the overwhelming success of previous BECC conferences, at which 700 participants discussed innovative policy and program strategies, shared important research findings, and engaged in building dynamic new networks and collaborations. The BECC Conference is convened by the American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE), Precourt Energy Efficiency Center (PEEC), Stanford University, and California Institute for Energy and Environment (CIEE), University of California.
CSIS Forum Locked on NatGas Methane Emissions – The CSIS Energy and National Security Program and the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) will co-sponsor an event next Monday morning, December 8th addressing fugitive methane emissions across the natural gas value chain. The U.S. unconventional oil and gas revolution that reversed decades-old trends of fossil fuel production declines in the U.S. has had ripple effects globally. Expansion of natural gas resources and production has inspired a rigorous environmental debate about the regulation of these new resources. As the primary component of natural gas and a potent greenhouse gas, the regulation of fugitive methane emissions has moved to the forefront of national regulatory debates. In order to address these issues, the event will feature two panels: one addressing the science around the significance of methane as a potent greenhouse gas and the second looking at what is being done by government and industry (upstream and downstream) to reduce emissions and leakage. Participants Include EPA’s Janet McCabe, UT’s David Allen, Shell’s Greg Guidry, EDF’s Steven Hamburg and AGA’s Dave McCurdy among others.
GenForum Set to Discuss GHG, Reliability, NatGas – PennWell’s GenForum will be held on December 8th in Orlando, Florida. At the event, there will be a panel discussion on the future of coal power during a dash to gas, as well as EPA’s Clean Power Plan. The EPA rule proposal is meant to have states implement plans to cut power sector emissions 30% by 2030. GenForum is organized by PennWell’s GenerationHub. GenForum brings together power generation executives who operate, plan, build, regulate and invest in power generation systems in North America. Other speakers will include PJM Interconnection Chief Economist Paul Sotkiewicz, Ph.D., will kick off GenForum with a keynote presentation on electric power demand. Julie Turner, Duke Energy general manager for combined-cycle gas generation in North and South Carolina will be part of a panel discussion on natural gas generation. Electric Power Supply Association (EPSA) President and CEO John Shelk will discuss issues surrounding competitive power in today’s marketplace. Florida PSC Commissioner Eduardo Balbis will discuss the Florida electric power landscape. ScottMadden Consulting Partner Stuart Pearman will discuss issues posed by distributed generation.
NERC, NIST Experts to Discuss Security – ICF International will host NERC’s Fred Hintermister and NIST’s James St. Pierre at for the December 11th Energy Breakfast in Washington D.C. at the National Press Club. The content of this breakfast event will include threats and concerns from our power system and how they plan to keep us safe. In recent months, there’s been reports of attacks on both the physical energy infrastructure and on the other cyber elements of the grid.
CSIS Conference to Look at Role of Coal – The CSIS Energy and National Security Program will host an event in the afternoon of December 17th examining the key factors that affect coal usage in major economies as well as the current state of clean coal technology deployment. Over the course of the conference, speakers will examine coal from economic competitiveness, development, energy security and climate perspectives, thus providing insights into the future role of coal.While the robust development of shale gas and the proposed regulation on greenhouse gas emissions from existing power plants challenge the viability coal in the United States, the forecast for coal demand remains strong for developing parts of the world for decades to come as economic development continues to drive their energy and electricity demand. Simultaneously, the worldwide momentum to address climate change and the continued growth in coal consumption—primarily outside the United States—make the development and deployment of clean technology pressing.
Gerard to Address State of Energy – API will hold its 2015 State of American Energy luncheon on Tuesday, January 6 at the Ronald Reagan Building. API head Jack Gerard will speak.